Employment discrimination occurs when your employer treats you differently or less favorably because of your protected class.
Protected class includes the following:
Ancestry, national origin
Age (40 or older)
Mental or physical disability
Sex, gender (including pregnancy, childbirth, breastfeeding or related medical conditions)
Gender identity, gender expression
Military and veteran status
Under California law, employees and job applicants are protected from employment discrimination based on their protected class.
The prohibition against employment discrimination applies to employers of five or more employees. Additionally, the FEHA applies to public and private employers, labor organizations, apprentice training programs, employment agencies, and licensing boards.
However, the application of anti-discrimination laws have some limitations. Under the FEHA, a “religious association or corporation not organized for private profit” is generally exempt from anti-discrimination laws because they are not considered an “employer.”
Under the FEHA an individual’s citizenship or immigration status is irrelevant for purposes of filing an employment discrimination lawsuit.
Back pay (past lost earnings)
Front pay (future lost earnings)
Damages for emotional distress
Attorney’s fees and costs